Utah Boating Laws

Before Utah residents flock to reservoirs and lakes to cool off from the scorching summer temperatures, they should be informed of current boating laws in order to avoid tickets or criminal charges.

Oasis in the desert

Photo by: Esther Lee

Utah is unique in the way it handles its lakes and reservoirs. Instead of divvying up the beachfront property and selling it to the highest bidders as other states do, the State of Utah has instead created several public parks for all Utah residents and guest to enjoy. Most, if not all of these bodies of water have boat access points which allow visitors to experience the water away from the beach. According to a boating map by The Utah Department of Natural Resources, there are 32 different areas on lakes and reservoirs in Utah where watercraft is permitted.

Boating laws in Utah

While operating water on Utah waters is open to the public with a small entrance fee, the Department of Natural Resources reminds residents that there are boating laws and regulations that must be followed to ensure all lake-goers are legal, educated, and safe. Some of the basics are:

Photo by: Ozzy Delaney

• Registration and education. All watercraft with a motor or sail must have current registration on board the vessel when in use with the decals located on the front half of the boat on either the port or starboard side. Those operating boats should attend education courses although the classes are required only for PWC operators 12-17 years of age.

• Lifejackets. Everyone is encouraged to use a lifejacket when on a boat, but for those 12 and under, coast guard approved life jackets are mandatory. Lifejackets are also required for anyone using jet skis, or being pulled by a boat on skis, wakeboards, or floatable devices.

• Equipment. Depending on the boat size, there are required equipment items that should be on board including: fire extinguishers, throwable floatation device, lights, registration and insurance, as well as other items that can be viewed at stateparks.utah.gov.

• Drunk boating. Driving drunk is against the law whether or not the person is driving a car or a boat. While alcohol is allowed on board unlike in a vehicle, the person operating the boat should refrain from alcohol consumption to avoid criminal charges.

• Passengers in the boat. Anyone in the boat should be sitting down inside the boat when the boat is creating wake and not on the bow decking or other areas where they could fall out or obstruct the view of the driver.

Photo by: Philms

• Individuals being pulled by the boat on water skis, etc are only permitted during daylight hours and must be observed by an individual other than the driver who is eight years and older. That observer must have 1 square foot orange flag ready to display when the person being towed is no longer in motion.

• Speed limits. A boat must be idle if in a non-wake area or if within 150 feet of “another boat, a person in the water, a water skier, shore angler, launch ramp, dock, or other designated swimming areas.”

• Stay at the scene. In the case of an accident, boaters should treat it just as they would a road vehicle accident. Exchange information, help the other boaters and passengers, and call law enforcement if the accident is serious enough to produce injury, death, or property damage above a $2000 value.

• Department of Natural Resources also instructs boaters to watch the weather and be aware of passengers near the back of the boat who may be at risk of carbon monoxide poisoning or propeller injury.

Counsel for boating crimes

Criminal charges accrued while boating are no different than those on land. BUI (boating under the influence), boating without registration or insurance, reckless endangerment, or automobile homicide are all serious charges that those operating boats could face. It is imperative to seek legal counsel should any charges occur while boating. For a full list of all boating laws and regulations, visit the Utah State Parks Division online.

How Using Speech Imitation Software Wrong Could Get a Person Thrown in Jail

There is new speech imitation software being created that is making voice cloning easier to do while sounding more realistic. Users beware: certain uses of speech imitation could get a person thrown in jail.

Speech recognition

Speech Imitation

Photo by: Antonio Silveira

Speech recognition is used by millions of Americans every day. Those from older generations who are not savvy on texting may use speech to easily send messages for them. Others frequently use Siri, Alexa, Samsung’s new Bixby, and Google Assistant to ask questions, get directions, order items, and otherwise include these AI assistants to have an active part in their technological lives. These systems are created to recognize a user’s voice and even adjust to better understand voice patterns. After correctly understanding the user’s speech, these AI assistants answer back in their semi-robotic tones, even going as far as to crack a few AI jokes. Now the speech recognition and computer speaking capabilities have gone to an entirely new level by speaking back to us in our own voices.

Speech imitation software

Photo by: SparkCBC

There have been a few different types of speech imitation software on the market, however none of them compare to what the company Lyrebird is creating. Using AI technology, the Canadian company Lyrebird uses a mere 60 second recording of a person’s voice in order to generate thousands of words and phrases. The troubling difference between these older versions of speech imitation software and those produced by Lyrebird, is the voices produced by Lyrebird sounds more realistic, losing the robotic sounds of other AIs. Already on the heels of Lyrebird are other advanced speech imitation software such as VoCo by Adobe, CandyVoice, and VivoText which plans on letting users choose the level of emotion portrayed through the imitated speech.

Illegal uses of the software

Now that this near flawless speech imitation software is here, imitating the speech of people could give user’s hours of entertainment; however it can also come with legal repercussions as well.

• If speech imitation is used to “expose any other living person to public hatred, contempt, or ridicule” and the person “knowingly communicate[d] to any person orally or in writing any information which he knows to be false” as is stated in Utah Code 76-9-404, the person using the voice cloning technology could end up with a class B misdemeanor charge for criminal defamation.

Photo by: Blogtrepeneur

•Speech imitation software could be used to commit identity fraud. Many security measures use other means of protection besides a password. This can include iris or fingerprint scanners as well as facial recognition or voice bio-metrics security software. Voice cloning could open doors for criminals to obtain private information about others or to gain access to otherwise secured accounts. According to Utah Code 76-6-1102, identity fraud is either a third or second degree felony, depending on “the value of the credit, goods, services, employment, or any other thing of value”.

• One crime that can arise from speech imitation software is impersonation of an officer. Whether done as a joke to scare a friend or for more malicious intent, pretending to be an officer in person or by voice can result in charges. Utah Code 76-8-512 states those guilty of impersonating an officer will face class B misdemeanor charges, punishable by up to six months in jail and a fine up to $1,000.

Photo by: CPOA

• One of the most malevolent ways speech imitation software could be used is by making it sound like someone admitted to committing a crime. If used this way, the person whose voice was imitated may be the one facing criminal charges. Since voice recordings may be used in court unless there is a lack of predicate, an imitated recording of someone confessing to a crime could mean the difference between whether or not someone goes to jail for a crime they didn’t commit.

• All the criminal charges detailed above can also be accompanied by civil charges brought on by the individuals who were victimized by the speech imitation.

Imitate responsibly

As with any technology, users should always follow the guidelines that would accompany speech imitation software and refrain from using the software illegally. For more information on legal ramifications of speech imitation, contact a criminal defense attorney.

Minor Traffic Accident Escalates to Assault with a Vehicle

A minor traffic accident in southern Utah quickly escalated to assault with a vehicle after a driver decided he didn’t want to stay at the scene.

Fender Bender

Assault with a Vehicle

Photo by: Charles Wagner

20 year old Ethan Campbell Hansen of St. George, Utah was arrested for multiple misdemeanors as well as four felonies after being involved in a minor traffic accident during holiday festivities last week. The rear-ending accident itself was minor and would have likely ended in a traffic violation for Hansen of following too close. Unfortunately, the fender bender was just the beginning.

Traffic violation vs felony charges

Instead of waiting for police to come investigate the accident, Hansen attempted to flee. Two pedestrians were struck by Hansen’s vehicle, suffering minor injuries, while multiple others were able to get out of harm’s way. It was only then that Hansen decided to stay on scene. After authorities were able to obtain Hansen’s true identity and restrain him, he was booked into Purgatory Correctional Facility. His charges include:

• Two Class C misdemeanors for criminal mischief and leaving the scene of a pedestrian accident;

• Two Class B misdemeanor for interfering with an arrest and failing to disclose identity;

• One third degree felony for assault by a prisoner; as well as

• Three other third degree felonies for aggravated assault with a vehicle (dangerous weapon).

Assault with a vehicle

Photo by: Dean Strelau

Utah Code 76-5-103 states that “aggravated assault is an actor’s conduct that is
i. An attempt, with unlawful force or violence, to do bodily injury to another;

ii. A threat, accompanied by a show of immediate force or violence, to do bodily injury to another;

iii. An act, committed with unlawful force or violence, that causes bodily injury to another or creates a substantial risk of bodily injury to another; and

That includes the use of:

i. A dangerous weapon [any item capable of causing death or serious bodily injury]”

Although no weapons were located on Hansen or in his vehicle, assault with a vehicle has the potential to cause serious injury or death and is categorized along with other weapons when used in an assault.

Go big and go to jail

Photo by: Washington County Sheriff’s Department

With four misdemeanor and four felony charges to face in court, Hansen has the potential to face over 20 years in prison and fines totaling nearly $35,000. No one is sure why Hansen chose to escalate the situation, seeing as he isn’t known to be a violent offender or have any criminal history at all; He may have been simply trying to run away from the problems he caused. Many younger adults are not educated on how to property react to intense situations and fleeing can often seem the best course of action at the time. It is imperative that they are taught the importance of staying on the scene of an accident and not expanding the situation by reacting poorly. Anyone facing charges for a minor or serious offense is encouraged to seek guidance from this point out from a qualified criminal defense attorney.